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AllXBTUSD60225.0+3.62%XBTM2165877.5+5.66%XBTU2169903.5+5.87%ADAUSDT1.21866+1.04%ADAM210.00001951-1.76%BCHUSD692.30+9.79%BCHM210.01169+7.15%DOGEUSDT0.06396+4.10%DOTUSDT41.7765+1.87%EOSUSDT6.7945+9.06%EOSM210.0001081+3.94%ETHUSD2141.20+3.53%ETHUSDM213083.35+8.56%ETHM210.03584+0.11%LINKUSDT31.8990+0.77%LINKUSDTM2143.9070+1.28%LTCUSD253.95+14.51%LTCM210.004295+11.70%UNIUSDT29.804+0.98%TRXUSDT0.12615+10.66%TRXM210.00000190+4.97%XRPUSD1.4288+38.66%XRPM210.00002301+35.51%XLMUSDT0.58957+20.94%.BXBT60231.31+3.68%.BETH2142.84+3.63%.BVOL24H3.01+53.57%Funding: 03:29:20 @ 0.1328%Time: 12:30:39 AM UTC
UPs Worked Example

Can you provide worked examples of hypothetical P&L under different scenarios?

The graph below shows the hypothetical² price for a BitMEX Bitcoin UP contract XBT7D_U110 (right axis) as the .BXBT30M index changes (left axis). We have provided prices for each day (12:00 UTC) throughout the seven-day life of the product.

Chart

Listing date and time is Friday, 1 December 2017 at 12:00 UTC.

.BXBT30M = USD 9,945.52

Expiry date and time is Friday, 8 December 2017 at 12:00 UTC.

.BXBT30M = USD 14,655.44

In this example we consider the contract XBT7D_U110. The strike is calculated to be USD 11,000. This is the nearest USD 250 increment to 110% of USD 9,945.52.

P&L and Margin Scenario 1: Buy 100 contracts and hold to maturity

Assume you begin with 10 XBT in your account.

Fri 1 Dec 12:00 UTC (listing date and time): Buy 100 contracts at hypothetical² last price = 0.0065 XBT

  • Unrealised P&L = number of contracts * (last price - entry price) = 100 * (0.0065 - 0.0065) = 0 XBT
  • Realised P&L = 0 XBT
  • Position margin = 100 * 0.0065 = 0.65 XBT
  • Wallet balance = deposits - withdrawals + realised P&L = 10 XBT
  • Available balance = wallet balance + unrealised P&L - order margin - position margin = 10 + 0 - 0 - (100 * 0.0065) = 9.35 XBT
  • Margin balance = wallet balance + unrealised P&L = 10 + 0 = 10 XBT

Sat 2 Dec 12:00 UTC: hypothetical² last price = 0.0087 XBT

  • Unrealised P&L = 100 * (0.0087 - 0.0065) = 0.22 XBT
  • Realised P&L = 0 XBT
  • Position margin = 100 * 0.0087 = 0.87 XBT
  • Wallet balance = 10 XBT
  • Available balance = 10 + 0.22 - 0 - 0.87 = 9.35 XBT
  • Margin balance = 10 + 0.22 = 10.22 XBT

Calculations for all other dates until expiry (3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 Dec) follow the same methodology, just using different hypothetical² last prices.

Fri 8 Dec 12:00 UTC (expiry): Settlement price = 0.0249 XBT

  • Unrealised P&L = 0 XBT
  • Realised P&L = number of contracts * (settlement price - entry price) = 100 * (0.0249 - 0.0065) = 1.84 XBT
  • Position margin = 0 XBT
  • Wallet balance = 10 - 0 + 1.84 = 11.84 XBT
  • Available balance = 11.84 XBT
  • Margin balance = 11.84 XBT

P&L and Margin Scenario 2: Buy 100 contracts and sell before expiry

Assume you begin with 10 XBT in your account.

Sat 2 Dec 12:00 UTC: Buy 100 contracts at hypothetical² last price = 0.0087 XBT

  • Unrealised P&L = number of contracts * (last price - entry price) = 100 * (0.0087 - 0.0087) = 0 XBT
  • Realised P&L = 0 XBT
  • Position margin = 100 * 0.0087 = 0.87 XBT
  • Wallet balance = deposits - withdrawals + realised P&L = 10 XBT
  • Available balance = wallet balance + unrealised P&L - order margin - position margin = 10 + 0 - 0 - (100 * 0.0087) = 9.13 XBT
  • Margin balance = wallet balance + unrealised P&L = 10 + 0 = 10 XBT

Sun 3 Dec 12:00 UTC: Hypothetical² last price = 0.0121 XBT

  • Unrealised P&L = 100 * (0.0121 - 0.0087) = 0.34 XBT
  • Realised P&L = 0 XBT
  • Position margin = 100 * 0.0121 = 1.21 XBT
  • Wallet balance = 10 XBT
  • Available balance = 10 + 0.34 - 0 - 1.21 = 9.13 XBT
  • Margin balance = 10 + 0.34 = 10.34 XBT

Mon 4 Dec 12:00 UTC: Sell 100 contracts at hypothetical² last price = 0.0096 XBT

  • Unrealised P&L = 0 XBT
  • Realised P&L = number of contracts * (exit price - entry price) = 100 * (0.0096 - 0.0087) = 0.09 XBT
  • Position margin = 0 XBT
  • Wallet balance = 10 + 0.09 = 10.09 XBT
  • Available balance = 10.09 XBT
  • Margin balance = 10.09 XBT

² The hypothetical price is a theoretical value calculated using a Black-Scholes model and constant parameters (interest rate = 0, repo = 0, implied volatility = 190). It is only being used for illustrative purposes and is not a true reflection of the actual market price at which you can buy/sell.