Attention - Important Notice

In accordance with Section 1.4 of our Terms of Service:
  • Persons that are located in or a resident of the United States of America or Québec (Canada) are prohibited from holding positions or entering into contracts at BitMEX.
  • Persons that are located in or a resident of Cuba, Crimea and Sevastopol, Iran, Syria, North Korea and Sudan, or any other jurisdiction where the services offered by BitMEX are restricted, are prohibited from holding positions or entering into contracts at BitMEX.
  • BitMEX reserves the right to immediately close the accounts and to liquidate the open positions of persons determined to have breached our Terms of Service.
AllXBTUSD3661.5+4.73%XBTH193558.5+3.64%XBTZ183631.5+4.29%XBTM193510.5+2.63%XBT7D_D950.00072-52.00%XBT7D_U1050.00690+13.11%ADAZ180.00000946+2.38%ADAH190.00000940+2.73%BCHZ180.0287+13.44%BCHH190.0283+13.20%EOSZ180.0007169+5.64%EOSH190.0007033+4.63%ETHUSD100.20+6.94%ETHZ180.02740+2.01%ETHH190.02730+2.13%LTCZ180.00816-0.61%LTCH190.00807-0.62%TRXZ180.00000403+0.00%TRXH190.00000404-1.70%XRPZ180.00009514+1.94%XRPH190.00009635+3.94%.BXBT3664.22+4.80%.BETH100.04+6.89%.BVOL24H3.68-12.17%Funding: 04:23:36 @ -0.0747%Time: 11:36:23 PM
ETHUSD Series (ETHUSD) Guide

Currently BitMEX only accepts Bitcoin as collateral. That that means margin, profit, and loss must al be paid or received in Bitcoin. However, through the use of financial engineering, BitMEX can give users exposure to any underlying price.

BitMEX currently offers a Ether / Bitcoin (ETH/XBT) contract. Many clients also wish to trade a Ether / USD (ETH/USD) contract. Because BitMEX does not accept any other form of collateral besides Bitcoin, the platform uses a derivative called a Quanto.

A Bitcoin Quanto ETH/USD contract has a fixed Bitcoin multiplier regardless of the USD price of ETH. This allows the trader to go long or short the ETH/USD exchange rate without ever touching ETH or USD. The trader will post margin in Bitcoin, and make or lose Bitcoin as the ETH/USD exchange rate changes.

How Is The ETHUSD Perpetual Swap Quoted

| | | | Bitcoin Multiplier per 1 USD | 0.000001 | | XBT Value | ETHUSD Price * Bitcoin Multiplier | | USD Value | XBT Value * .BXBT Spot Price | | ETH Value | XBT Value / .ETHXBT Spot Price | | Bitcoin PNL Calculation | (ETHUSD Exit Price - ETHUSD Entry Price) * Bitcoin Multiplier * # Contracts |

Example

BitMEX Derivative: ETHUSD Perpetual Swap
Contracts: 1,000
Bitcoin Multiplier per 1 USD: 0.000001 XBT
.BTBT Spot Price: $10,000
ETHUSD Swap Price: $500
.ETHXBT Spot Price: 0.05 XBT

Trade Inception

Jaewon and Wang trade the ETHUSD Perpetual Swap against each other for 1,000 contracts. Jaewon goes long, and Wang goes short. For each 1 USD move, the contract pays out 0.0001 XBT; this is called the Bitcoin multiplier.

They agree that each side can use 50x leverage, which means they post 2% initial margin to BitMEX to initiate the trade. To calculate the Bitcoin margin, they first calculate the Bitcoin value of their ETHUSD Quanto Swap.

XBT Value = ETHUSD Price * Bitcoin Multiplier * # Contracts

50 XBT = $500 * 0.0001 XBT * 1,000

Initial Bitcoin Margin = 50 XBT * 2% = 1 XBT

They both like to think in ETH terms at any given ETHUSD price. On the BitMEX Position Table, they are able to view the current value of their position in ETH terms.

ETH Value = XBT Value / .ETHXBT Spot Price

1,000 ETH = 50 XBT / 0.05 XBT

They notice that the ETH value can change either when the ETHUSD price changes, or when the .ETHXBT spot price changes. The only fixed number in a quanto derivative is the multiplier. The ETH and USD value will change as the ETHUSD, .BXBT, and .ETHXBT prices change.

Trade Expiry

The ETHUSD swap price rises to $505, let’s compute Jaewon and Wang’s Bitcoin PNL.

Bitcoin PNL = (ETHUSD Exit Price – ETHUSD Entry Price) * Bitcoin Multiplier * # Contracts

Jaewon Bitcoin PNL = ($505 - $500) * 0.0001 XBT * +1,000 = 0.5 XBT Profit

Wang Bitcoin PNL = ($505 - $500) * 0.0001 XBT * -1,000 = 0.5 XBT Loss

Notice that the only variable that affects the PNL is the movement of the ETHUSD price. Neither the .BXBT, nor the .ETHXBT exchange rate affect either trader’s PNL.