In the derivatives space, margin refers to the amount needed to enter into a leveraged position. Initial and Maintenance Margin refer to the minimum initial amount needed to enter a position and the minimum amount needed to keep that position from getting liquidated. As various users have varying trading strategies, BitMEX has employed two different methods of margining:
Cross Margin: Margin is shared between open positions. When needed, a position will draw more margin from the total account balance to avoid liquidation.
Isolated Margin: Margin assigned to a position is restricted to a certain amount. If the margin falls below the Maintenance Margin level, the position is liquidated. However, you can add and remove margin at will under this method.
Cross Margin, also known as “Spread Margin” is a margin method that utilises the full amount of funds in the Available Balance to avoid liquidations. Any Realised PNL from other positions can aid in adding margin on a losing position.
This margin method is useful for users who are hedging existing positions and also for arbitragers that do not wish to be exposed on one side of the trade in the event of a liquidation.
Note that, by default all positions are initially set to “Cross Margin”.
In this mode, your liability is limited to the initial margin posted. In the event of a liquidation, any Available Balance you may have will not be used to add margin to your position.
Isolated Margin is useful for speculative positions. By isolating the margin the position uses, you can limit your losses to the initial margin set, and thus helps short-term speculative trade ideas that turned out incorrectly. In a volatile market, a highly leveraged position can lose equity quickly. However, note that although BitMEX aims to minimise liquidations from happening, in volatile markets highly-leveraged are more likely to be liquidated. For example, a 50x position will be liquidated after a 2% move against you.
When using Isolated Margin, you are able to able to adjust your leverage on the fly via the leverage slider.
By default, Cross Margin is enabled. Users enable Isolated Margin on the order controls panel at the left side of the Trading Dashboard using the leverage slider. The further to the right you move the slider, the higher the leverage, and the less margin is used for the position. Note that the prefered leverage is effective per-contract and is saved, even if a user completely exits a position.
Once margin is isolated on a position, the amount of margin assigned to the position is adjustable. This allows you to choose a desirable leverage and liquidation price. Your liquidation price on the position is shown in the Open Positions tab and will update as you adjust your leverage.
During times of extreme volatility or during significant bull or bear runs, the markets may temporarily trade at a distance from the Mark Price.
If the price that you buy or sell at is significantly far away from the Mark Price, you will see an immediate unrealised loss on the position upon opening. However note that this does not mean that you have necessarily lost money. It is advisable that during these market conditions to pay attention to your liquidation price and avoid using the maximum leverage on Isolated Margin, since your position may be liquidated fairly quickly given the immediate unrealised loss the position saw upon opening.